Those who believe or just worry about hedge funds shorting ERHC Energy (OTC BB symbol: ERHE) stock may find solace or fuel for paranoia in the prosecution of a hedge fund operator who used non-existent shares to manipulate the price of biopharmaceutical companies, including one I lost money in - AVI BioPharma (AVII).
We congratulate the Securities and Exchange Commission on a job well done. We hope that stronger rules and penalties with respect to naked shorting - the practice of selling borrowed shares that are never returned, usually because they exceed the number issued - will develop under Republic SEC Chairman Christopher D. Cox, the former California Congressman, although we are skeptical he will lead the way.
Republicans usually seem more concerned with finding ways to let people loot the ordinary shareholder than to effectively police the looters. We hope he may convince us otherwise and follow in the steps of the honest Republicans of long ago.
There is widespread belief that a small group of looters has been hard at work on ERHC Energy shares over the years, keeping it from realizing the full value of its rights in the Gulf of Guinea to some of the most promising oil prospects ever.
Here is the story on this successful prosecution.
We hope chcr, aka Norma Reynolds, Phil Nugent's accountant and the moderator of I-Hub, will read it with care:
Hedge Fund Shells Out in Shorting Probe
By Matthew Goldstein
3/14/2006 2:19 PM EST
A New York hedge fund manager will pay $16 million to settle allegations arising out of a two-year-old investigation into manipulative trading in the market for private placements by small-cap companies.
The penalty agreed to by Jeffrey Thorp is the largest settlement assessed to date by the Securities and Exchange Commission in the investigation into trading abuses in the $18 billion-a-year market for PIPEs, or private investment in public equity.
The PIPEs investigation is focusing on allegations of abusive short-selling by hedge funds trying to take advantage of the usual decline in shares of companies that sell these deals.
A short-sale is a market bet that a stock will decline in price.
Securities regulators, in a civil complaint filed in federal court as part of the settlement, charged Thorp with carrying out an illegal short-selling scheme involving 23 separate PIPE deals from 2000 to 2002. Regulators allege Thorp profited by engaging in "naked shorting,'' a manipulative practice that enables traders to defy the laws of supply and demand by shorting even when no shares are available to borrow.
In all, the SEC contends, Thorp generated $7 million in illicit profits from his illegal shorting scheme. As part of the settlement, Thorp agreed to forfeit those profits, plus $1.8 million interest. Thorp and his Langley Partners hedge fund agreed to pay $8 million in civil penalties.
The unlawful trading by Thorp, who could not be reached for comment, took place in PIPE deals by a number of well-known biotech firms: AVI BioPharma (AVII:Nasdaq - commentary - research - Cramer's Take), MGI Pharma (MOGN:NYSE - commentary - research - Cramer's Take) and Generex Biotechnology (GNBT:Nasdaq - commentary - research - Cramer's Take). Other PIPEs that regulators allege Thorp manipulated were ones by HealthExtras (HLEX:Nasdaq - commentary - research - Cramer's Take) and TiVo (TIVO:Nasdaq - commentary - research - Cramer's Take).
"This case is an example of our ongoing effort to stamp out fraud and abuses by investors in the PIPEs market, and it will continue,'' says Scott Friestad, associate director in the SEC's enforcement division.