Tuesday, March 23, 2010

250 Million HHO PEM Generators Needed For Hydrino Engine Market

Not much detail is visible, but this small hydrogen generator is in use now on 20 hydrino reactors running at BlackLight Power's headquarters in New Jersey. Photo: BlackLight Power Co.

2:41 AM, March 23, 2010 -- For HHO developers, the hydrino cell stack from BlackLight Power Co.will mean a market just in the United States for 200 million standard automobile hydrogen PEM cell generators, and perhaps another 50 million for ships, trains, planes, rockets, buses, trucks, heavy equipment and everything else that requires fuel to move.

But hydrino engines, which may be in limited production now, and their marriage to HHO PEM cells might take a decade to perfect, but California's Chava Energy expects to have a prototype within a year and to marry it to a hydrino-like cell stack a year or so later. Imagine Henry Ford's first vehicle, the product of years of tinkering before it began rolling off the assembly line, which Ford also had to invent: that is the scale of the challenge to HHO PEM cell developers who want to link up with hydrino cars.

The hydrino cars basically consist of a transmission, electric motor, engine control system, a CIHT cell stack (where hydrinos are created) and a hydrogen generator.

There is no carburetor nor fuel injection system except for injecting output from the onboard hydrogen generator into the hydrino cell stacks. Because it will be somewhat lighter - and not perhaps not as balanced due to the placement of components - its frame may have to be far stronger than most are now because there's so little space taken up by components under the hood.

The weight of the 200-liter cell stack is about 440 pounds, half that of a conventional engine, requiring just a one-liter water reservoir; no conversion is needed, as that liter of water will provide sufficient electricity to power the electric motor for 1,500 miles.

The cell stacks will be regenerated by the hydrino fuel. The tires are conventional, as are the dashboard and accessories.

The hydrino CIHT stack is expected to cost about $4,600, the transmission $2,000, control electronics $1,800, and electric motors $1,400. All in all, before the frame, dash, trunk, seating and steering components, the car will cost developers about $9,800 each and a basic model could sell in the $15,000-16,000 range.

To see a representation of the concept car, go to the BlackLight engineering presentation and scroll to the very last page (Page 14). If you would like to order an engine, please contact me at hydrino@hhogames.com.

I suspect a large number of orders will be needed to add to the company's focus, which is now primarily on large hydrino reactors, for which they have more than $600 million in pending contracts and $71 million in private investments.

Using PEM Generator, Cars With Hydrino Power Get 1,500 Miles Per Liter Of Water, Company Says

4:18 AM, March 21, 2010 -- Hydrino-powered vehicles will travel 1,500 miles on a single liter of water when coupled to an on-board hydrogen generator, which would use just 1% of the power consumed by the Toyota Prius, the BlackLight Power Co. said in engineering papers released March 19.

Here's the precise if a bit complicated language of the paper issued this past Friday:

The typical reaction of hydrogen (H2) to molecular hydrino (H21/4) releases 50 MJ/mole H2. Since water has 55 moles/liter, one liter supplies 2.75 billion Joules of energy. Considering comparables, the Toyota Prius consumes on average 250 Wh of energy per mile (9x105J / mile). Thus, the BlackLight Power Vehicle (BLPV) of comparable size can travel 3,000 miles per liter times the chemical to motive power conversion efficiency. The closest device to the CIHT cell is a fuel cell. Most fuel cells are better than 50% efficient. At this minimum expected efficiency, a vehicle of comparable size powered by a stack of CIHT cells theoretically travel 1,500 miles per liter of water wherein an on-board electrolysis unit can provide the hydrogen fuel using 1% of the electrical output. Alternatively, a 20-liter 100 atm hydrogen tank provides a range of 2,500 miles.

What BlackLight is saying is that their vehicle would produce many times more energy out of the hydrogen than a Prius gets out of its batteries, and when converted into energy efficiency, yields a cross-country trip fueled only by a half gallon of water.

The hydrino engine would weigh about 440 pounds and the total cost with all controls would be about $9,800. But it will never need fuel or electrical recharging, meaning no hydrogen filling station or gas station would be required to run it.

Here is what the company actually says:

[T]he size and weight of an appropriate power plant are certainly permissive of motive applications. A 200-liter cell could deliver 200 kW or 267 HP and weigh only 200 kg, about half the weight of an internal combustion engine (ICE) of the same power. The projected cost of the CIHT stack is a very competitive $4,600. Considering the cost of the control electronics, $1,800, electric motors, $1,400, and transmission, $2,000, the total cost of $9,800 is comparable to the cost of ICE and its drive train of a conventional gas-fired vehicle without any fuel costs or pollution. ...

In principle, motive power can become untethered to an infrastructure of gasoline, natural gas or hydrogen filling stations required for any ICE based vehicle including conventional hybrid vehicles and conventional hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles. Nor does the vehicle need to bve electrically recharged using utility power as in the case of battery powered electric vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt, Nissan Leaf, or Tesla Roadster. Beside low cost relative to hydride, electric, and fuel cell vehicles, additional advantages are that there is no pollution including no carbon dioxide, no filling stations are needed; so, costly infrastructure build out is eliminated, the inconvenience of frequent fuel filling or recharging is gone, and performance is not sacrificed.

The company says that the CIHT is the most efficent and best use of the hydrino energy stacks, but that it could also provide electricity to EV batteries, generate hydrogen for a hydrogen vehicle, or even produce hundreds of kilowatts parked in the driveway, providing power for a group of homes.

This great news from BlackLight Power will no doubt stir profound questions about the economic effects of such a vehicle - and other vehicles, such as airplanes - on existing companies and employment.

The answer to several of those questions is that the length of time required to introduce such vehicles will give new and existing automakers time to transition away from the ICE engine, put vast amounts of money from fuel savings back in the pockets of consumers, and employ millions of people in the conversion to a new vehicle paradigm. God help them if they don't seize the opportunity and begin fueling a Golden Age of prosperity; the chance won't come again.

In some ways, I must say, the hydrino engine and reactor are the culmination of all the dreams we have had for HHO, which will play a critical part in its use - perhaps for centuries to come. It is the reason the HHO Games & Exposition were created. Now we must move on to a new generation of effort and achievement that will help us lead this world into a far better future for all of us.

BlackLight Power Gets $10-Million Investment And A Huge Order For 750-Megawatt Hydrino Reactor

In this small, 50-kilowatt hydrino reactor - enough to provide power to 10 homes - hydrogen atoms are heated and then resonate with a NaH catalyst that absorbs photon from their orbit, creating the fractional state of he atom that is called a hydrino. Heat created in the process of stripping the photons turns a steam turbine to create electricity, while some hydrinos return to regenerate the catalyst so that more fuel is never needed. Photo: BlackLight Power Co.

BlackLight Power, the Cranbury, N.J., company we told you about several weeks ago, announced Friday that it won a huge contract for a 750-megawatt hydrino reactor and an addition $10 million in investments.

The hydrino is a fractional state of hydrogen that is created when a heated hydrogen atom is stripped of a photon in its orbit during resonance with BlackLight's proprietary NaH solid fuel catalyst. The stripping process yields incredible amounts of heat to power a steam turbine to produce electricity. Some hydrinos are reabsorbed into the catalyst, making it self-regenerating. It never needs more fuel than one liter of water, which will produce 2.7 billion Joules of heat energy, the company says.

The hydrino reactor, which will power all the Italian factories of a billion-euro diversified plastics and energy company called RadiciGroup and its subsidiaries Geogreen SaP and Geoenergie SaP, is also a future power source for the automotive industry, according to engineering drawings released by the company on March 19.

The Radici reactor is the seventh now on order and the first for Europe.

Meanwhile, my 3,500-word article on BlackLight Power and hydrinos has been viewed on CNN's iReport and in The American Reporter since January and was updated several times since then.

I'm also urging my childhood friend, Congressman Rush D. Holt of New Jersey, to advocate for hydrino energy, which was discovered in his district - once the home of Albert Einstein. Thomas Edison worked just 17 miles from BlackLight Power's headquarters.

The BlackLight Process is likely to revolutionize the world to the same extent as the work of those men, and Dr. Randall Mills, who discovered the hydrino, has often been spoken of as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in physics. His ideas have opened up a vast divide between quantum and classical theory, and he has proposed a unified theory of both.