Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Using PEM Generator, Cars With Hydrino Power Get 1,500 Miles Per Liter Of Water, Company Says

4:18 AM, March 21, 2010 -- Hydrino-powered vehicles will travel 1,500 miles on a single liter of water when coupled to an on-board hydrogen generator, which would use just 1% of the power consumed by the Toyota Prius, the BlackLight Power Co. said in engineering papers released March 19.

Here's the precise if a bit complicated language of the paper issued this past Friday:

The typical reaction of hydrogen (H2) to molecular hydrino (H21/4) releases 50 MJ/mole H2. Since water has 55 moles/liter, one liter supplies 2.75 billion Joules of energy. Considering comparables, the Toyota Prius consumes on average 250 Wh of energy per mile (9x105J / mile). Thus, the BlackLight Power Vehicle (BLPV) of comparable size can travel 3,000 miles per liter times the chemical to motive power conversion efficiency. The closest device to the CIHT cell is a fuel cell. Most fuel cells are better than 50% efficient. At this minimum expected efficiency, a vehicle of comparable size powered by a stack of CIHT cells theoretically travel 1,500 miles per liter of water wherein an on-board electrolysis unit can provide the hydrogen fuel using 1% of the electrical output. Alternatively, a 20-liter 100 atm hydrogen tank provides a range of 2,500 miles.

What BlackLight is saying is that their vehicle would produce many times more energy out of the hydrogen than a Prius gets out of its batteries, and when converted into energy efficiency, yields a cross-country trip fueled only by a half gallon of water.

The hydrino engine would weigh about 440 pounds and the total cost with all controls would be about $9,800. But it will never need fuel or electrical recharging, meaning no hydrogen filling station or gas station would be required to run it.

Here is what the company actually says:

[T]he size and weight of an appropriate power plant are certainly permissive of motive applications. A 200-liter cell could deliver 200 kW or 267 HP and weigh only 200 kg, about half the weight of an internal combustion engine (ICE) of the same power. The projected cost of the CIHT stack is a very competitive $4,600. Considering the cost of the control electronics, $1,800, electric motors, $1,400, and transmission, $2,000, the total cost of $9,800 is comparable to the cost of ICE and its drive train of a conventional gas-fired vehicle without any fuel costs or pollution. ...

In principle, motive power can become untethered to an infrastructure of gasoline, natural gas or hydrogen filling stations required for any ICE based vehicle including conventional hybrid vehicles and conventional hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles. Nor does the vehicle need to bve electrically recharged using utility power as in the case of battery powered electric vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt, Nissan Leaf, or Tesla Roadster. Beside low cost relative to hydride, electric, and fuel cell vehicles, additional advantages are that there is no pollution including no carbon dioxide, no filling stations are needed; so, costly infrastructure build out is eliminated, the inconvenience of frequent fuel filling or recharging is gone, and performance is not sacrificed.

The company says that the CIHT is the most efficent and best use of the hydrino energy stacks, but that it could also provide electricity to EV batteries, generate hydrogen for a hydrogen vehicle, or even produce hundreds of kilowatts parked in the driveway, providing power for a group of homes.

This great news from BlackLight Power will no doubt stir profound questions about the economic effects of such a vehicle - and other vehicles, such as airplanes - on existing companies and employment.

The answer to several of those questions is that the length of time required to introduce such vehicles will give new and existing automakers time to transition away from the ICE engine, put vast amounts of money from fuel savings back in the pockets of consumers, and employ millions of people in the conversion to a new vehicle paradigm. God help them if they don't seize the opportunity and begin fueling a Golden Age of prosperity; the chance won't come again.

In some ways, I must say, the hydrino engine and reactor are the culmination of all the dreams we have had for HHO, which will play a critical part in its use - perhaps for centuries to come. It is the reason the HHO Games & Exposition were created. Now we must move on to a new generation of effort and achievement that will help us lead this world into a far better future for all of us.

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